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How Do I Become a Web Developer?

How Do I Become a Web Developer? There’s a lot to learn to be able to do web
development effectively. Just to be able to say you can do it, you have to learn:

or some other server-side language

To do it effectively, you should also consider learning:


Subversion or some other revision control system
Linux command line

To do it really effectively, there’s more:

Unobtrusive JavaScript
Separation of Concerns (MVC, etc)
HTTP protocol

If you want more in-dept information on any of the above, just click the link to the
tutorials. If you want to make a living at it, I’d expect it to take at least a year of
full-time (self-)education. Everyone learns differently, so it’s hard to recommend
learning materials. I’ll offer some ideas though:

books (my favorite; I look for conciseness)
formal training classes
(community) college classes
local user groups (attend if topic is pertinent)
online videos/screencasts
web tutorials
blogs (hard to get the basics though)
personalized training

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The Pirate Bay To Drop .torrent Files! So What Is a Magnet Link?

If you have visited a Bittorrent website or torrent search engine lately you might have come upon ‘Magnet Links’. Chance is the magnet link did not really bother you since the torrent link was offered as well.

For half a decade The Pirate Bay has been the leading BitTorrent site around the world, but soon its users will no longer be able to download ‘.torrent’ files. The first step in this direction will be taken on February 29, The Pirate Bay has confirmed that all torrent files being shared by more than 10 people will be deleted on this date.


While there are fears that this is the end of The Pirate Bay, nothing could be further from the truth. People will be able to download all files as usual, but instead of using a .torrent file downloads will be initiated through a magnet link.

The actual content of the .torrent file will then be downloaded from other people instead of the Pirate Bay’s servers. This is “a step forward in technology,” said The Pirate Bay, and one that will make the site more resistant to being shut down.

So what is a ‘Magnet Link’, the most common use of magnet links is to link to a particular file based on a ‘Hash’ of its contents, producing a unique identifier for the file, similar to an ISBN or catalog number.

Unlike traditional identifiers, however, content-based signatures can be generated by anyone who already has the file, and so do not need a central authority to issue them. This makes them popular for use as “guaranteed” search terms within the file sharing community where anyone can distribute a magnet link to ensure that the resource retrieved by that link is the one intended, regardless of how it is retrieved.

While it is theoretically possible that two files could have the same hash value (known as a “collision”), cryptographic hash functions are designed so that the probability of this event is a practical impossibility. This is so, even when an expert is intentionally looking to find two files with the same hash value.

Another advantage of magnet links is their open nature and platform independence: the same magnet link can be used to download a resource from one of any number of applications on almost any operating system. Because magnets are concise and plain-text, it is possible for users to simply copy-and-paste the links into emails or instant messages, a property not found in, for example, BitTorrent files.

The main advantage for Bittorrent indexers is that they do not have to store the torrents on their servers anymore which could be beneficial for them in several ways. It could reduce the pressure from the media creation industry and reduce hardware infrastructure expenses thanks to less tracking and downloading.

The end users on the other hand benefit from Magnet Links as well. All they need is the link to start downloading the files which makes them independent from torrent indexers. It also allows them to distribute the information more easily. Torrent indexers remain on the other hand the main source of information for new files that are available for download.

There are many different ‘Torrent Clients’ in general use today who all support ‘Magnet Links’. µTorrent, Tixati, and Vuze to name a few on the Windows platform. Transmission, BitTorrent 7, rTorrent, on the Mac, and even Linux has a few in the form of Transmission, Deluge, and Tribler 5.5.

  • TorrentFreak : The place where breaking news, BitTorrent and copyright collide.
  • gHacks.Net : A website with software reviews, as well as Windows and Linux tutorials.
  • WikiPedia : The free encyclopedia that anyone can edit.
Just News!

Ireland’s SOPA: ‘The Statutory Instrument’ – Experts expect legal proceedings against ISPs


Stop Internet Censorship: Stop SOPA in IRELAND: Sign This Petition TODAY!

The following article is a re-blog of an article wrote by in the New Media section of SiliconRepublic.com, it is reproduced in its entireity and all credit for it goes to .

Primary legislation, potentially in the shape of a new Copyright Act or an amendment to the existing legislation, is being examined as a way to ensure Ireland is at the forefront of resolving copyright infringement cases in the digital age. Last week Ireland found itself in the eye of the ‘SOPA’ storm in terms of a statutory instrument that will give judges the power to grant injunctions to ISPs in copyright infringement or illegal download cases. The statutory instrument protest in the form of an online petition and major social media activity led to Minister Sherlock agreeing to debate the matter in the Dail tomorrow.


Either way the consensus is the statutory instrument will be signed into law. Experts expect legal proceedings against ISPs to begin almost immediately. Simultaneously Ireland’s Government is being sued by the music industry as part of a Francovich action over allegedly failing to stem music industry losses in the face of illegal downloading activities. A Francovich action is an action that can be taken by a stakeholder if it believes an EU member has failed in its legal obligation to transpose an aspect of European law

The reason for the statutory instrument harks back to the 2010 court case between UPC and Irma when Mr Justice Peter Charleton held that laws seeking to identify and disconnect copyright infringers were not enforceable in Ireland, regardless of the record companies’ complaints.

He said he was cognizant of the financial harm being suffered by record labels due to illegal downloading. “This not only undermines their business but ruins the ability of a generation of creative people in Ireland, and elsewhere, to establish a viable living. It is destructive of an important native industry,” Charleton said.

New copyright legislation could be on the way for Ireland

Ultimately, much of the protest against the statutory instrument which has been dubbed ‘Ireland’s SOPA’ in the aftermath of the Stop Online Piracy Act debate in the US, is about what is fair and proportionate, argues Michele Neylon of Blacknight Solutions, one of Ireland’s largest hosting providers. “The problem with it was there was no dialogue with the public or with industry. There was a public consultation but very few people in the internet industry knew about it or were invited to participate.”

Neylon said that in terms of the internet the key to dealing with removing copyright infringing material is to act in a proportionate manner rather than having operators and hosting firms spending a lot of time in court defending themselves against ‘spurious’ actions. He said he understand the EU is planning a consultation on protections for service providers.

“What needs to be put in place is best practice for handling disputes. If a blogger for example posted infringing material on their blog such as a video or a song, there is no way for me to remove a single page from that blogger’s blog without closing down the entire blog site. “It’s about acting in a proportionate and sane manner rather than placing administrative burdens on websites, ISPs and hosting providers, and this is something the rights holders need to understand.”

He said that what is needed is fair, balanced and proportionate methods to deal with infringement and that involves rights holders and the technology industry working together. “One of the issues is that the Irish legal profession isn’t very well clued in on the digital front,” he said, indicating in his view that legal professionals all too often purse the provider instead of the perpetrator. Neylon was part of a committee that met with Minister Sherlock last week. “In the conversation we had with the Minister he said he would be open to doing something in terms of primary legislation that reflects the need to protect copyright but also the changing internet landscape.”

Could statutory instrument be declared unconstitutional?

Barrister Ronan Lupton of licensed telecoms group ALTO agrees that primary legislation may be on the cards but warns that this could take a long time. “The first thing that has to be borne in mind is that the music rights holders have issued proceedings against the State as part of a Francovich action; an action that declares Ireland to be in breach of its obligation in relation to European law.”

However, Lupton also points out that Mr Justice Charlton, in his judgment in the UPC case, said Ireland was compliant with EU law but came to the conclusion that he didn’t have the ability to grant an injunction. “This statutory instrument may be prudent in terms of avoiding a court case taken by the music industry, but is it necessary? If the State is currently compliant then there is no need for a clarification or statutory instrument.” Lupton says the question then arises is the minister going to be acting with the full strength of the law. “This may be unconstitutional and may not be discovered until it faces the full strength of a court case.”

Lupton said that statutory instruments are required to be laid before the Dail for 21 days. “Time has been given in a very dilatory fashion to allow stunted or pigeon debate on a subject that could seriously impact investors in Ireland who require legal certainty when investing in a country. “Legislation should be decided upon a policy basis – primary legislation should be brought forward rather than the Government rolling something through merely to try to save the State money in relation to a potential Francovich action.” At the same time Lupton said that music rights holders – indeed all copyright holders – deserve legal certainty. “This is really about the interplay between e-commerce and Copyright legislation,” Lupton concluded.

“What should be done is suspend the statutory instrument into an overall review of the Copyright Act and develop new and innovative laws that give rights holders more certainty too,” Lupton said.

Stop Internet Censorship: Stop SOPA in IRELAND: Sign This Petition TODAY!

Just News!

Sn0wbreeze 2.9.1 Has Been Released by iH8sn0w


Sn0wbreeze 2.9.1 has been released by iH8sn0w, according to reports the update now fixes a number of bugs on the iPhone 4 and the 3GS, the iPad Touch 3G and 4G and the iPad 1.

The biggest advantage of this tool is mainly used to preserve basebands. It also has the astonishing feature wherein you can jailbreak older devices on any version between iOS 3.0.0 – iOS 5.0.1. The previous version – 2.9 – had some minor bug issue and was creating problems for iPhone 3G users who tried to access their basebands using the program. The new 2.9.1 version deals with all existing problems and fixes any such bug issues.

The developer has also stated that the problems concerning iPad baseband’s flash problem and a few PAM (Pluggable Authentication Modules) issues have been fixed. You can download Sn0wbreeze 2.9.1 ‘Here‘.

Just News!

VoiceUtils: Siri App allows you to Open Apps, Unlock & Reboot UR iPhone 4S


If you need an excuse to join one of the millions of iPhone 4S jailbreakers then the VoiceUtils app might be the ideal temptation. The app, available for free from the Cydia store, or you can download the .deb file direct from ‘Here‘, allows Siri to obey various commands, letting you open apps, start the camera, unlock your iPhone 4S and reboot – all with the power of your voice.

Granted it would be much quicker to unlock your screen with a finger swipe, but the concept opens up many possibilities when used with hands-free headsets as you’ll be able to navigate your beloved iDevice by barely lifting a finger. Check out the video below for the lowdown before diving into some Siri commands of your very own.

Another useful app in this class is called OpenSiri, which is used to launch Apps Via Siri. OpenSiri is a tweak to open up the few capabilities that Apple has given Siri by default. Right now, it only supports opening applications, but more will be coming very soon. You can download OpenSiri via BigBoss in Cydia, or directly download the .deb file from ‘Here‘.

Sources for this article are: CydiaJB.com and PC.Authority.com.au

Just News!

Siri Has A Sister; “Evi”

evi image

iTunes description of Siri’s new sister ‘Evi’ goes something like this, Evi is the revolutionary artificial intelligence here to help with all of your everyday information needs. Unlike a search engine, which simply looks for matching words and shows you a list of websites, Evi understands what you want to know and gives back exactly what you’re after. Need to know where the nearest bank is? Not a problem. Going out for dinner but can’t decide where? She can help with that too. The more you ask, the more she will learn, and thus she is improving all the time. Life is simpler with Evi.

You can download Evi from the iTunes store ‘Here“.

You can also obtain the app from FileFactory by clicking ‘Here

This ambitious blogger dived right in and downloaded the app from FileFactory, (costs $0.99 in iTunes), installed on my iPhone 3gs (I Know, but you would not believe the cost here for a 4 never mind a 4s). Launched the App and asked my first question. Biff, Bang, Whollop and my answer was, “I’m really sorry. Due to overwhelming demand my servers are overloaded. My creators are working flat out to resolve this issue and we hope to have it resolved in the near future”.

I’ve been trying to use Evi all day, but keep getting server errors, but I’m not giving up hope. Apple’s servers for Siri were also having issues when the iPhone 4S was released due to heavy traffic, but now works like a charm. Once the servers aren’t so busy, we’ll be sure to use Evi and share the results! You can find out more about Evi at the developers official website www.evi.com. Njoy!

Be sure and let me know how and ” If ” Evi 1.1.0 works for you, and where you are geographically.

Just News!

Jailbreaking: A Crime or Copyright Issue?


I recently read an article from blogger supremo John Paul Titlow entitled Could Jailbreaking Your iPhone Become a Crime Soon? I thought to myself, “Self this needs investigating”. To understand jailbreaking defined by Wikipedia, “iOS jailbreaking, or simply jailbreaking, is the process of removing the limitations imposed by Apple on devices running the iOS operating system through use of custom kernels. Such devices include the iPhone, iPod touch, iPad, and 2nd Gen Apple TV.

Jailbreaking allows users to gain root access to the operating system, allowing iOS users to download additional applications, extensions, and themes that are unavailable through the official Apple App Store. A jailbroken iPhone, iPod touch, or iPad running iOS can still use the App Store, iTunes, and other normal functions, such as making telephone calls. Jailbreaking is a form of privilege escalation, and the term has been applied to privilege escalation on other computer systems as well.”

In 2010, the U.S. Copyright Office declared that jailbreaking devices is not a violation of Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA). but it will still void your warranty with apple. What this means is that it has not legally being passed into law in the US, which means it can expire and the U.S. Copyright Office can and possibly will change it’s mind in the future. With this in mind, the EFF (Electronic Frontier Foundation) is asking the U.S. Copyright Office to renew the exemption so jailbreaking does not violate the DMCA. They are also asking to expand it to cover tablets, and for a new exemption to allow jailbreaking of video game consoles. If you’d like to put forward your comments regarding Jailbreaking to the U.S. Copyright Office, you can do so ‘here‘.

In the U.S. Apple stated that iPhone buyers are licensees of the technology, not owners and thereby bound by the company’s licensing agreement. In the European Union the distinction between whether a purchaser “buys” or “licenses” the software in an Apple iPhone is a lot less relevant. Dai Davis, partner and IT legal expert at law firm Brooke North said,  “Even if the software is supplied as a licence, EU law clearly provides strong rights to a buyer to require Apple to supply interoperability information.” This is provided by the EU Directive 2009/24/EC of 23 April 2009 on the legal protection of computer programs. “Merely changing a minimal number of lines of code does not necessarily mean that a breach of copyright has occurred,” said Davis. “In this case, altering 50 bytes of code out of more than eight billion bytes in an iPhone is most unlikely to be regarded as a breach of copyright,” he said.

what now

And what of the future of jailbreaking? Will it cease to exist or merely slow to a when needed here we are pace? Even if Apple adds many features to stop jailbreaking the iPhone Dev Team and the Chronic Dev Team will still find exploits and most probably will jailbreak all up coming devices. It’s a cat & mouse game that won’t stop for at least the coming years. For all of us who are interested in the here and now, the download section of  iDownloadBlog has what this writer considers to be the ultimate resource for every iOS firmware available, as well as jailbreak tools, such as, RedSn0w, PwnageTool, Sn0wBreeze, etc. You can go straight to their download page from ‘here‘. And your thoughts? What do you believe the future is for Jailbreaking? Do you believe it is still worth jailbreaking your idevices? Or has Apple introduced enough apps and features to finally put Jailbreaking to bed. Comments welcome.

Sources for this article are as follows -> RWW : [Read Write Web]EFF : [Electronic Frontier Foundation]iDownloadBlogMaypaloComputerWeekly.ComWikipediaU.S. Copyright OfficeOfficial Journal of the European Communities.